2 edition of **Semi-latin squares and related objects** found in the catalog.

Semi-latin squares and related objects

Polycarp E. Chigbu

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- 36 Currently reading

Published
**2009** by University of Nigeria, Senate Ceremonials Committee in Nsukka, Nigeria .

Written in English

**Edition Notes**

Includes bibliographical references (p. 56-64).

Statement | by Polycarp E. Chigbu. |

Series | Inaugural lecture / University of Nigeria -- 43rd |

Classifications | |
---|---|

LC Classifications | MLCS 2010/40143 |

The Physical Object | |

Pagination | 69 p. : |

Number of Pages | 69 |

ID Numbers | |

Open Library | OL24025166M |

LC Control Number | 2009404226 |

Square Book Mockups. Display albums, magazine pages, catalogs or designs in a photorealistic way. Customize your book mockup using the smart-object layers and choose a background color that works best for the book mockup. Download it here. According to Brendan McKay's data, there is only one main class of $4 \times 4$ orthogonal Latin squares up to: permutations of the rows, columns, and symbols in the first square, permutations of the rows, columns, and symbols in the second square, and; permutations of the roles (row, column, symbol-1, symbol-2). Here's the representative given.

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Discrete Mathematics Using Latin Squares is the only upper-level college textbook/professional reference that fully engages the subject and its many important applications.

Mixing theoretical basics, such as the construction of orthogonal Latin squares, with numerous practical examples, proofs, and exercises, this text/reference offers an Cited by: Semi-Latin squares and related “objects”: Statistics and Combinatorics aspects BY PROF.

POLYCARP.E. CHIGBU Mr. Vice Chancellor Sir, Distinguished Colleagues, Ladies and Gentlemen, Lions and Lionesses, 1. Introduction Preamble May I start my presentation today by thanking God Almighty and the Vice Chancellor for this opportunity. Purchase Latin Squares and their Applications - 2nd Edition.

Print Book & E-Book. ISBNthey encapsulate the structure of finite groups and of more general algebraic objects known as quasigroups.

He is the author of some ninety research papers and two books, most related in some way to latin squares.

He is a Price: $ However, in consequence of the huge expansion of the subject in the past 40 years, some topics have had to be omitted in order to keep the book of a reasonable length. Latin squares, or sets of mutually orthogonal latin squares (MOLS), encode the incidence structure of finite geometries; they prescribe the order in which to apply the different.

Purchase Latin Squares - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNPrice: $ Latin squares and their applications by J. Dénes,There's no description for this book yet. Can you add one. Edition Notes Classifications Dewey Decimal Class /25 Library of Congress QAD42 c The Physical Object Pagination p.: Number of pages ID Numbers Open Library OLM ISBN representation of a Latin square is normally a square grid of cells, each cell containing a symbol.

For example, here is a 4x4 Latin square on the symbols α, β, χ, and δ. α β χ δ χ δ α β δ χ β α β α δ χ The symbols in a Latin square are arbitrary. Symbols can be numbers, letters, geometric shapes, and colors. Another book Semi-latin squares and related objects book Latin Squares, Discrete Mathematics Using Latin Squares by Laywine and Mullen.

seems (at least according to the table of contents) to discuss a few more applications. Latin Squares and Their Applications is far from the leisurely read about Sudoku that I thought it might be.

What I did get is an in-depth summary of the extensive. Bailey and Cameron (see also the CRC Handbook) discuss combinatorial objects equivalent to Latin squares. Wikipedia host a list of problems in the theory of Latin squares. The number of derangements is related to the number of Latin rectangles by Riordan gave the credit to Yamamoto for the equation Let be a prime.

Stones and Wanless. Latin squares and quasigroups are equivalent mathematical objects, although the former has a combinatorial nature while the latter is more listing below will consider the examples of some very Semi-latin squares and related objects book orders, which is the side length of the square, or the number of elements in the equivalent quasigroup.

A semi-Latin square formed in the way is called a Trojan square. Example is a Trojan square (corresponding to Example 2.I with symbols distinguished).

Details on maximal k for n £ n Trojan squares are in section 3. For n = 6, the best semi-Latin square for k = 2 is reported in Bailey and Royle ().

Bailey () gives. In the editors of the present volume published a well-received book entitled ''Latin Squares and their Applications''. It included a list of 73 unsolved problems of which about 20 have been completely solved in the intervening period and about 10 more have been partially solved.

The. Latin Squares. Introduction. It's a perpetual wonder that mathematical theories developed with no useful purpose in mind except to satisify a mathematical curiosity, often and most unexpectedly apply not only to other parts of mathematics but to other sciences and real world problems.

Non-euclidean geometries became an integral part of the General Theory of Relativity. The definition of a Latin square can be written in terms of orthogonal arrays: A Latin square is a set of n 2 triples (r, c, s), where 1 ≤ r, c, s ≤ n, such that all ordered pairs (r, c) are distinct, all ordered pairs (r, s) are distinct, and all ordered pairs (c, s) are distinct.; This means that the n 2 ordered pairs (r, c) are all the pairs (i, j) with 1 ≤ i, j ≤ n, once each.

Uses of semi-Latin squares An (n × n)/k semi-Latin square is a set of n 2 k objects with three partitions on it: the partition R into n rows; the partition C into n columns; and the partition L into nk is also the partition B into the n 2 cells, or blocks, defined by R and C.

The different ways of using the semi-Latin square as a design for an experiment depend on which of. The Hardness Testing Example To conduct this experiment as a RCBD, assign all 4 tips to each coupon Each coupon is called a “block”; that is, it’s a more homogenous experimental unit on which to test the tips Variability between blocks can be large, variability within a block should be relatively small In general, a block is a specific level of the nuisance factor.

Figure 5 – Formulas for factor means. The right side of Figure 4 contains the ANOVA analysis. The degrees of freedom for all three factors is 3 (cells P4, P5, P6), equal to the number to r – 1, as calculated by =COUNT(B4:B7)df T = r 2 – 1 = 15, while df E = (r–1)(r–2) = Formulas for the sum of squares (SS) terms are shown in Figure other values in Figure 4 are calculated.

Magic squares, Latin squares, and Sudoku Letters Numerical subscripts Every letter is used exactly once in each row and column This is a Latin square Corresponding values for the letters in Scrabble Magic square with a magic sum of 10 Every diagonal pattern has this magic sum. A Circle Here, A Square There: My Shapes Book by David Diehl Using simple text and colorful illustrations, this book will engage young readers in exploring shapes.

Each page features a different shape, and the book shows how everyday objects are comprised of many basic shapes, such as a triangle slice of pizza or a square gift wrapped in. When six objects are to be arranged in different orders and the objects cannot communicate with each other or exert an influence on those adjacent in the order, the Latin square can be used (Table ).

Objects can be shifted to the right on each step or to the left on each step, but left and right should not be mixed in the same balancing. If there are orthogonal Latin squares of order $2^m$, then by theorem we can construct orthogonal Latin squares of order $4k=2^m\cdot n$.

To get a Latin square of order $2^m$, we also use theorem It suffices to find two orthogonal Latin squares of order $4=2^2$ and two. The above square can be converted into two Latin Squares. Two 4x4 Latin Squares.

The illustration below combines two 4x4 Latin Squares into a single, so-called Graeco-Latin square For convenience it employs Upper and Lower case Roman letters instead of. Latin Squares (An Interactive Gizmo). The applet below offers you two problems: one simple and one less simple.

In the simple one, you are requested to arrange numbers in a square matrix so as to have every number just once in every row and every column.

The second problem imposes one additional condition: the arrangement must be symmetric with respect to the main diagonal (the one from the. Let’s look at three questions: * What is a Latin Square.

* How do we create a Latin Square in “standard form” * How many different 3*3 Latin square exist. First: * What is a Latin Square. A “Latin Square” is a square grid of n rows and n columns t. McKay and I. Wanless, On the number of Latin squares, Ann. Comb., 9 (), pp.

– I discuss this in my survey paper and PhD thesis (both are open access). I have often thought about performing the computation for $12 \times 12$ Latin squares, which would be a.

In the book Spaghetti and Meatballs for All. A Mathematical Story by Marilyn Burns, Mr. and Mrs. Comfort invite 32 people to a reunion. To accommodate their guests, they set up eight square tables to seat 4 people at each, one to a side.

The guests, however, rearrange things so different-size groups can sit together. Mrs. Figure 3. Partialmagmaandmagma Partial Objects Related to Latin squares WelistheredeﬁnitionsofclassicobjectsrelatedtoLatinsquares(see[26]). Magmas. Some of the oldest combinatorial objects, whose study apparently goes back to ancient times, are the Latin obtain a Latin square, one has to fill the n 2 cells of an (n x n)-square array with the numbers 1,2, n so that that every number appears exactly once in every row and in every column.

In other words, the rows and columns each represent permutations of the set {1, n}. square concept certainly goes back further than this written document.

In his famous etching Melencholia I, the 16th Century artist Albrecht Dürer portrays an order 4 magic square, a relative of Latin squares, in the background. Magic squares can also be found in the ancient Chinese literature. My text discusses all Latin squares and is obviously more comprehensive.

If you have criticism, that should be much more specific (errors, unclarities, etc.)Patrick22 November (UTC) This article is primarily about the combinatorial objects called Latin squares, not so much about algebraic structures related to them. The Scarlet Letter Objects/Places.

The Custom House: The legal point of entry at Salem, Massachusetts for cargo scene of the Introductory chapter of the Scarlet Letter, where the narrator finds the scarlet letter itself wrapped in a paper detailing the story of Hester Prynne.

Floating Square Booklet Mockup. This mockup shows a floating magazine or booklet in a square format. Layered PSD file with smart object for swapping out the cover designs. Dimensions: x px at. THE MODIFIED LATIN SQUARE* By B. ROJAS and R. WHITE Statistical Laboratory, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa [Received July, ] SUMMARY THE modified latin square design (semi-latin square) is described and discussed.

The expectations of the mean squares are derived and, from these, the nature of the bias is developed. Chi-Square Distribution. When we consider, the null speculation is true, the sampling distribution of the test statistic is called as chi-squared chi-squared test helps to determine whether there is a notable difference between the normal frequencies and the observed frequencies in one or more classes or categories.

Latin words for square include quadratum, quadrum and quadratus. Find more Latin words at. The square, circle, and triangle are the most basic shapes on Earth, supporting structures both synthetic and natural. In the s, Italian artist Bruno Munari explored the visual history of. A Latin square of order consists of distinct symbols, such that every column and every row includes all symbols.

Contributed by: Izidor Hafner (February ) Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA. Statistics Latin Square and Related Design Replicating Latin Squares Latin Squares result in small degree of freedom for SS E: df =(p − 1)(p − 2). – If 3 treatments: df E =2 – If 4 treatments df E =6 – If 5 treatments df E =12 Use replication to increase df E Different ways for replicating Latin squares: 1.

Same rows and same. "This book is a comprehensive account of the subject of latin squares (and latin rectangles), by two experts. The book is written in a fairly condensed but readable 'narrative style'. It is packed with information, either expounded in detail or with full references to the literature." --The Mathematical Gazette.

Related. The Legacy of E = mc 2. The "great book" of the universe is written in the language of mathematics, he famously declared, and unless. Latin Square Design Design of Experiments - Montgomery Section 12 Latin Square Design † Block on two nuisance factors † One trt observation per block1 † One trt observation per block2 † Must have same number of blocks and treatments † Two restrictions on randomization y ijk= „ + ﬁi + ¿j + ﬂk + † 8.Challenge your students with creative mathematics lessons, printable worksheets, activities, quizzes, and more.

These resources will improve your students' math skills, no matter which grade you teach.Your effort is, alas, doomed. We still don't know a formula for calculating the number of Latin squares of size r, someone poor soul did work it out for n=Whilst generating the squares is possible (you can always just generate all possibilities, and see if they're a latin square), you're going to get.